Data centre fire supression best practices
Sometimes, fire suppression systems can seem like an insurance box to tick when putting together a data centre. However, the consequences of letting a fire get out of control in a modern data centre can be disastrous; not only can human lives, as well as millions of dollars of critical infrastructure be put in danger, but the indirect consequences can be devastating.
In 2017, a fire broke out in a data centre in Azerbaijan owned by Delta Telecom. The facility’s fire suppression systems , which burned for a full seven hours. Due to the fact that several major telcos, including NTT, Telecom Italia, Telia, Level 3, Rostelecom and Transtelecom, as well as mobile network operator Azercell, all had infrastructure in the building, the entire country was cut off from the internet for a full seven hours. A few old cables overheating, coupled with inadequate fire-suppression methods knocked an entire country of the grid.
Choosing the right fire suppression system for a data centre is a matter of the gravest responsibility for operators. Here are our top tips for preventing this kind of disaster.
Stop the fire (almost) before it starts
Data centre fires as a result of a short circuit, the overheating of a coupler, or a cable line overload. Regularly performing maintenance and hardware checks can also minimise the risk of a fire ever starting in the first place.
The smaller the fire, the less water or suppressant gas you need to knock it out. Obviously, that requires an almost prescient knowledge of where the fire is going to start. Thanks to modern fire detection systems, that’s no longer an impossible task.
Triple threat prevention
Building level fire suppression systems are pretty much the same as you’d find in any commercial facility. Sprinklers built into the ceiling and handheld fire extinguishers mounted throughout the facility are essential if a fire spreads beyond the smoke and smoldering stage.
At the room level, operators are often bound by compliance regulations which stipulate that rooms be outfitted with either wet pipe sprinklers or pre-action fire sprinklers.
According to fire suppression system manufacturer , a wet pipe sprinkler system has the water already present in the piping ready to be immediately dispensed once the alarm is activated. While this can respond to a fire much more rapidly, the pipes can leak and drip onto equipment in the room, causing damage and downtime. Fire sprinkler systems are the least expensive option for data center fire protection, but water can easily cause as much damage to servers and hard drives as fire, so many data centers prefer gas systems.
Gas systems use either inert or clean agent gas, like argon and nitrogen mixes to decrease the amount of oxygen in the room, thus starving out the fire. Another couple of drawbacks are the space required to store enough gas to flood a room effectively, and the fact that the noise made by the gas being released is typically in excess of 130db. Sounds this loud can destroy hard drives outright, so many gas suppression systems are fitted with specialised (read: expensive) nozzles to prevent them from wrecking the servers they’re built to protect. These systems can be difficult (also read: expensive) to install and, if people are inside the rooms when the gas goes in… well, there’s no oxygen left in there, and that’s not good.
Rack level protection is the most specialised, designed to isolate and suppress a fire within a single bank of servers. If these systems are effective, they can do their job without interrupting the functionality of the rest of the room or data centre.
Integrate your systems
Previously, data centre infrastructure management (DCIM) was a relatively siloed discipline. Building managers and IT technicians drew a clear (and arbitrary) line between the “tech” parts of the building and the elements that could be more traditionally considered infrastructure.
Today, a sweeping new generation of DCIM platforms and software solutions are allowing data centre operators to integrate a building’s entire system into a single management dashboard. This means that security cameras can now connect to thermometers, which can then be powered by AI, speak to and control fire suppression systems, and introduce a level of automation and consistency to a data centre’s fire suppression systems that was unheard of even five years ago. “The data centre operators can see the actual fire situation so the whole process of identification to extinguishing takes 10 seconds, reduced from 15 minutes with a traditional fire alarm response,” commented in a recent .
Sustainability and PUE reduction in data centres
The data centre industry is at a crossroads. As demand for colocation, hyperscale cloud, and edge solutions continues to rise, operators and enterprises are also facing up to the reality that sustainable design and operating practice are a mission critical component of the modern data centre. Going green is no longer an optional extra.
Data centres are becoming an increasingly critical foundation that underpins the modern world, and the demand for them continues to grow exponentially each year. Data centres must remain in constant operation in order to provide the services for which customers depend on them.
This mission critical need, combined with the sector-wide push towards reduced energy consumption and carbon footprint throughout the industry, is making the search for innovative evaporative media solutions that keep systems running at peak efficiency an equally mission critical priority.
The two main sources of energy consumption in a modern data centre are its IT equipment and the cooling infrastructure used to keep that equipment cool. A 2017 study found that energy consumption as the direct result of cooling data centre IT equipment can amount to over 40% of the total energy consumption in a facility. From air cooling to liquid and evaporative chillers, data centre operators, finding the right cooling solution for your facility is a top-of-mind goal for any data centre operator.
Portacool: keeping it Kuul
Based in Center, Texas, Portacool is a portable evaporative cooling solutions firm that has been pushing the boundaries of mission critical infrastructure cooling technology since it entered the market in 1990.
Through constant embodiment of its five brand pillars - Safety & Liability, Total Cost of Ownership, Productivity & Performance, Sustainability & Social Responsibility, and Life & Comfort Enhancing Solutions - Portacool has grown steadily over the past 30 years, continually reinforcing its reputation for industry-leading cooling solutions.
Portacool’s solutions have been successfully applied throughout the agricultural and horticultural, manufacturing, industrial, business, entertainment, sports, home, and hobby industries - “anywhere cooling is needed and traditional air conditioning is impractical or cost prohibitive.”
The company’s sub-brand, Kuul, is Portacool’s answer to the growing need for reliable, sustainable cooling solutions in the data centre sector. Portacool manufactures three series of evaporative media – Kuul Control, Kuul Vitality and Kuul Comfort. Kuul Control is used in data centres, power generation and HVAC systems. Kuul Vitality is utilised primarily in the horticulture, poultry and swine industries. Kuul Comfort is exclusively made for usage in Portacool-branded portable evaporative coolers.
Kuul can help data centre operators lower their PUE dramatically, increasing the environmental sustainability of their facilities significantly as a result of its rigid evaporative media solutions.